Visualizing Syria’s 2021 Budget

Visualizing Syria’s 2021 Budget

At first glance, Syria’s 2021 budget seems to be the most impressive yet, featuring a whopping 8 trillion Syrian pound (SP) spending package. However, once one gets past the sticker shock it becomes evident that, given the extent of the SP’s depreciation, Syria’s...
The Kin Who Count: Mapping Raqqa’s Tribal Topology

The Kin Who Count: Mapping Raqqa’s Tribal Topology

Haian Dukhan*, Ammar al-Hamad**, Karam Shaar This study is republished in the Middle East Institute (MEI) as part of the partnership between OPC and the MEI. Hierarchical Tree of Raqqa’s Arab Tribes Introduction The northern Syrian governorate of Raqqa came to the...