Syria’s regime-controlled areas witnessed several economic crises in late 2019 and 2020, leading to an exceptional deterioration in living standards. Operations and Policy Center (OPC) surveyed 600 respondents in three Damascus neighborhoods to assess Damascenes’ main economic activities: work, consumption, and spending.
This study outlines how Hayat Tahrir al-Sham is taking over Idlib’s economy since its transformation from the Syrian branch of al-Qaeda to the de facto authority in the area. While the takeover is incomplete, the extent to which it will continue is primarily determined by Turkey’s tolerance of the group.
Using a sample of 600 respondents, this study attempts to identify attitudes among residents of the Syrian capital, Damascus, toward emigration and the context surrounding it, conducted at a time when the areas under the Syrian regime’s control are witnessing an exceptional deterioration in living standards. (Read in Arabic)
This comprehensive report, published by the Day After in collaboration with OPC, gives a panoramic view of housing, land, and property (HLP) rights in Syria. It studies informal housing, access to documentation, institutions for real estate development and how they operate, and the HLP measures taken in areas outside the regime’s control. (Read in English, Read in Arabic)
At first glance, Syria’s 2021 budget seems to be the most impressive yet, featuring a whopping 8 trillion Syrian pound (SP) spending package. However, once one gets past the sticker shock it becomes...
As China’s engagement in the Middle East continues to rise, its role in the Syrian conflict remains largely unaddressed. This study provides an overview of China’s interests and objectives in the conflict while simultaneously assessing its potential involvement in any reconstruction process.
Seven years on, the situation in al-Rukban displacement camp is growing increasingly desperate. This study provides an overview of the humanitarian and medical conditions in al-Rukban, as well as the public services available.
Previous analyses have often misunderstood the intricate tribal structures in Syria, drawing false links between tribalism and terrorism. This interactive research tool, co-published by the Middles East Institute and the Operations and Policy Center, aims to shed light on the tribal structure in ar-Raqqah governorate, making it accessible to anyone interested in understanding the current state of affairs there.
Despite the Russian and Turkish de-escalation and ceasefire agreements, the Assad regime continues to attack NW Syria, especially areas to the south of the M4. Here we map out potential military conflict scenarios for the near-term future of NW Syria, in light of the volatile Turkish-Russian dynamics.
Explore our data-driven interactive tool to understand how Syrians feel about the Syrian Constitutional Committee, relying on a 2,966-people survey conducted in the summer of 2020.
As the Constitutional Committee met in Geneva, OPC analyzed the opinions of Syrians on what they want a new system of governance to look like. Their answers, unsurprisingly, were varied.
The 2021 budget is the smallest to date. However, a deeper analysis of the 2021 budget reveals core structural problems with Damascus’s finances.
In mid-2020, OPC was commissioned by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs to investigate the Dynamics of Politics and Power Among Northeast Syria’s Kurds and people’s attitudes regarding the possibility of a Kurdish-Kurdish dialogue. This report relied on interviews with influential and informed personalities from the region and a sample survey of 600 of the region’s residents.
In mid-2020, OPC was commissioned by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs to investigate the attitudes of people in northeast Syria regarding the US Caesar Act sanctions. This report showcases general attitudes regarding both the overall effectiveness and specific local effects of the Caesar Act, extrapolated from a 600-participant sample, surveyed by OPC’s field researchers during 18-27 August 2020.